Siberian tigers (Panthera
tigris altaica) also know as Amur tigers are one of eight different subspecies of tigers (Panthera
the largest cats currently living on Earth. These tigers
like most tigers are endangered.
Siberian tigers live in the forests of Amur-Ussur
(Siberia) of Russia, Northern China and Korea.
They live in an uninhibited areas, in taiga and
mountain conifer forests.
Siberian Tigers in RussiaIn this century, the Siberian tigers (sometimes called the Amur, Manchurian, or Northeast China tiger), have survived four wars, two revolutions, and now an onslaught on its forests. Its IUCN status is considered Critical, its numbers in the wild fluctuating from a low of 24 tigers in the 1940s to IUCN estimates of about 150 to 200 in 1994. There are three protected areas for tigers in Russia-the Sikhote-Alin (3,470 km2), Lazovsky (1,165 km2), and Kedrovaya Pad (178 km2) Reserves-inland from the Sea of Japan in the Russian Far East.
Siberian Tigers in ChinaSightings of Siberian tigers in Changbaishan, near the Chinese border with North Korea, were reported in Chinese newspapers in 1990, and some are still found along the Russian border. The Cat Specialist Group suggests that there are probably fewer than 50 Siberian tigers in China. Regardless of their authenticity, it is the tigers in Russia that will define the future of the subspecies. The other sites are too small to harbor tiger populations large enough for long-term viability.
Siberian Tigers in ZoosThe captive program for Siberian tigers tigers is the largest and longest managed program for any of the subspecies. The Siberian tigers tiger served as one of the models for the creation of scientifically managed programs for species in captivity in zoos and aquariums worldwide. According to the 1997 International Tiger Studbook there are about 501 Siberian tigers managed in zoos. This captive population is descended from 83 wild-caught founders. For the most part, the Amur or Siberian tiger is considered secure in captivity, with a large, genetically diverse and stable population.
The Largest Cats
Siberian tigers are very massive and powerful animals. The
Siberian tiger can reach a length of 130 inches (286
centimeters) which makes it the largest of the different
tiger variants. The Siberian tiger also has a very broad
muzzle compared to other tiger variants, and male Siberian
tigers usually have mane. The typical body length for male
Siberian tigers is 106 - 130 inches (233.2 - 286 cm) while
females are smaller and usually stay between 95 and 108
inches (209 and 237.6 centimeters). Siberian Tigers are measured
between from nose to tail tip. They male Siberian tigers are
much heavier than the female tigers and usually weigh from
419 - 675 lb (190 - 306 kg). The really large male Siberian
tigers weigh 800 lb (364 kg) or more. Female Siberian tigers
tend to stay around 221 - 368 lb (101 - 168 kg). The biggest
one ever recorded was 1,025 pounds.
Prepared for the Winter
Siberian tiger's coat is very long and warm. The white coat
also helps to camouflage it in the snow. It also grows a
longer and thicker coat than other tigers to help it survive
the cold weather. The yellow
stripes become reddish in the winter. Out of all tigers,
Siberian tiger 's fur is most pale and has least of stripes.
Siberian tiger's legs are heavy, the hind legs are larger
and allow them to be good jumpers. Siberian tiger's huge
paws have retractable claws (similar to domestic cat's).
How many Siberian tigers are there?
The Siberian tiger is
endangered. There are very few of them left and it
is possible that number of the tigers in captivity is greater than the
number of their wild friends.
All Tigers Species are Endangered
Until 1940 there were 8 subspecies of tigers. Three of them are now
extinct and the other 5 subspecies of tigers are endangered. Despite the
tiger's amazing strength, it's hard to find room to roam these days.
Number of these animals living in a wild is unknown, but it is believed
to be around. There are about 500 animals living in zoos around the
world. Other subspecies are also endangered - there are less than 5,000
of the tigers living in the wild.
Siberian Tigers are Few and Endangered
A count of the Siberian tiger or Amur tiger, Panthera tigris altaica, published in 1996, gave figures of between 330 and 371 adults most of them on the slopes of the Sikhote-Alin mountain range in the Russian Far East.
Situation in the Russian Far East
It is difficult to put briefly the
situation in Russia, but here are some of the problems. In
the early 1990s, following the collapse of the USSR, several
things happened which directly affected the future of
Siberian tigers. The opening of Russia's borders with her
South East Asian neighbors made smuggling easier. Increased
mining and forestry encroached on the Siberian tiger habitat
and also resulted in increased road construction which
opened up the area to poachers. Government funding for
conservation dwindled. All this led to an increase in
poaching. Siberian tiger body parts are highly prized in
Chinese medicine and, unfortunately, the Siberian tiger
habitat in the Russian Far East is close to the Chinese
border. A tiger can fetch upwards of $30,000 - far more than
most Russians earn in a year.
http://www.siberiantigers.org/ - a good
"Save the Tigers"
The Siberian Tiger can run up to 50 miles per hour over the
snow if they want to. That is only 10 miles per hours slower
than a cheetah, the fastest cat in the world!
Siberian tigers are great jumpers and swimmers. They can climb trees, but rarely do so.
Siberian Tigers have a striped coat. They have a yellowish
eye color. Their colors are a yellowish red and black with a
white belly. They have black ears with white spots and a
black and white tail. White Siberian tigers have been found
( genetic mutation). White Siberian tigers are very rare.
The chances for each Siberian tiger to be a white tiger is
one out of 10,000. Some experts believe these tigers are
Female Siberian Tigers have at usually 2-4 cubs, though they
can have up to 6 cubs.. Female tigers will carry their
babies for 3 to 3 1/2 months. They weigh about 2-3
pounds. Their cubs are blind when they are first born. After
2 weeks they can open their eyes. When the cubs are little,
they begin to grow stripes. Cubs begin to hunt with their
mothers when they are about 6 months old. They leave their
mother when they are 3 to 5 years old. These tigers live 25
years in the wild.
When A tiger roars it can be heard over a mile away!
A tiger meal may consist of 100 pounds of meat a night!
That's like 400 hamburgers! Because they go days between
meals, big cats need lots of food. The magnificent
tiger loves to eat...porcupines! And monkeys, fowl,
tortoises, and frogs when a good deer is hard to find. Only
three out of a thousand tigers eat humans. So whoever first
said Siberian tigers are man-eaters is a idiot! Siberian
tigers usually live for about 25 years in their natural
habitat. Tigers run extremely fast over short distances and
can leap 10 feet in a single bound!
Across all of Asia, once vast forests have fallen for timber
or conversion to agriculture. Only small islands of forest
surrounded by a growing and relatively poor human population
are left. As forest space is reduced, the number of animals
left in the forest is also reduced, and tigers cannot find
the prey they need to survive. As a result, tigers begin to
eat the livestock of villagers who live near them. Sometimes
tigers even attack humans. People sometimes kill the tigers
in order to protect themselves and their livestock. As human
populations move farther into the forest, groups of tigers
become separated from each other by villages and farms. This
means that tigers in one area can no longer mate with tigers
in nearby areas. Instead, tigers must breed repeatedly with
the same small group of animals. Over time, this inbreeding
weakens the gene pool, and tigers are born with birth
defects and mutations.
Even though it is illegal to kill a tiger, wild tigers are still being poached today because their bones, whiskers and other body parts can be sold on the black market for a lot of money. Tiger parts are used in traditional Chinese medicine because some people believe that tiger parts have special powers. Forestry and wildlife departments are too understaffed and under budgeted to be effective against the onslaught of poachers. The exact number of tigers being poached is unknown.
These tigers are also be named
Amur tiger, Ussuri tiger, White tiger, siberain tiger
Siberian tigers are carnivores and hunt big game: various
deer and wild boars. Occasionally Siberian tiger eats fish
and mice (well, it's a cat, isn't it?). Being very large
animals they need about 20 lbs of food every day. At one
meal a Siberian tiger is able to consume up to 100 lbs of
meat. 85% of a Siberian tiger's diet is red deer and wild
boar. Tigers drag the meet and hide it from other predators
on the trees. If the animals cannot eat all the prey, it
takes a nap and then finishes the meal off.
Siberian tiger References
http://www.hal-pc.org/~jsb/tigers.html -Save the Siberian